Pharmaceutical industry research and development in Europe

 Note: The figures relate to the R&D carried out in each country.

Austria, France, Greece, Norway, Portugal, Sweden: 2015 data; Cyprus, Ireland: 2013 data; Czech Republic: 2012 data; Croatia, Netherlands: 2011 data

Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway (LMI members), Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Sweden (LIF members), Switzerland (Interpharma members), Turkey: estimate

Source: EFPIA member associations (official figures)